2017-05-25 11:21:35 编辑：无 浏览：(3015次)
1.Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? We should state our honest opinions even though other people may disagree with us.
Nowadays, most projects at school or in workplaces are completed by group work. When we work as members in a team, it is common that everyone in this team needs to present his or her opinions. Some people believe that it is better not to state our honest opinions sometimes so that out team members will non consider us as aggressive. However, to my understanding, always stating our honest opinions could benefit our teamwork in different ways.
For students, making our ideas known to classmates or group members is one of the most important steps when doing an assignment. It is true that the majority of our team members might hold different opinions from us. However, there is no guarantee that the majority is always correct about everything. It happens that the minority’s opinions are more advisable than what most people believe. Moreover, if everyone has the opportunity to state their honest opinion, the team could create an atmosphere that all team members could feel free to express their ideas, which will simulate the students’ critical thinking ability. When one student expresses his or her opinion that is different from others’, all group members will discuss about it together, thus to analyze whether it is correct or not, providing evidence to support their standpoints. This process of discussion will definitely lead to critical thinking. Therefore, I believe that students should state their honest opinions even when their classmates disagree with them.
In workplaces, many people refuse to state their opinion honestly in order not to offend their colleagues and supervisors. As far as I am concerned, if we express our opinions in appropriate and polite ways, others will not feel uncomfortable even if they disagree with us. On the contrary, our co-workers and supervisors will tend to consider us as honest person, and thus will be more willing to cooperate with us.
Admittedly, in certain cultures, it is impolite to always express opinions in a straightforward and honest way. Based on what I have learned about Japanese culture, the local people will keep silent and avoid stating honest opinion if they believe that others hold the opposite opinion. If someone speaks up in this situation, he or she will be perceived as a person who “does not read the atmosphere”, which means that the speaker fails to taking others’ feelings into consideration.
Although people from different cultures have different conventions in terms of how to express ideas different from others, I still prefer to make our voices be heard. This is because that our society is advancing when everyone feels free to discuss and interact with each other. Only in this way our discussions and daily work could elicit innovative ideas, which might be different from what the majority believes.
2.Most of the parents at sometimes find disapproval of the ways teachers are teaching their children. It’s not suggested for the parents to express their disapproval to the teachers. Do you agree?
Today, more and more parents are willing to get involved in their children’s education. They participate in teacher-parents conferencing, monitor their children’s learning process, and go to campus tour with their children, to name a few. Sometimes, parents find disapproval of the methods that teachers use in classrooms. In this situation, should they express their opinions to the teachers? I do not believe so.
To begin with, I don’t think that most parents have the knowledge of which types of teaching methods are appropriate in different types of classrooms. When deciding how to group students and how to adopt various types of activities, teachers need to take a lot of factors into consideration, such as the number of students in one classroom, students’ learning styles, and student’s motivation, among other factors.
This decision-making process is extremely complex, and parents who are not professionals in the field of education might just focus on their subjective feelings towards the teachers’ ways of teaching. Obviously, those feelings are not reliable in many cases. Therefore, it is inappropriate for parents to express their disapproval to the teachers.
Moreover, the majority of parents only care about their own children’s learning outcome. When they feel that a teacher’s ways of teaching are not satisfied, it is often the case that their own children are not performing well in that teachers’ class. In this situation, teachers should not change their teaching styles and classroom activities just because one or two children’s parents suggest so, especially in a classroom where there are more than thirty students. In this type of classrooms, some students are highly motivated whereas others might not. Also, students might prefer different styles of learning. It is almost impossible for teachers to find out ways of teaching that are suitable for all students in the classroom. Therefore, it is of no use that parents express their disapproval of teachers’ methods if their children are not one of the majority students. In this case, parents should try to help their children adjust to the teachers’ ways of teaching, instead of blaming the teachers.
Admittedly, parents, as one of the stakeholders in education, should be involved in the process of curriculum design, because their expectations on their children are always intertwined with children’s needs and wants. However, most parents are not professionals in the field of education, and teachers should not change their teaching methods just because a small portion of parents believes so.
In a word, it is better for parents not to express disapproval of teachers’ ways of teaching when they find that their children’s learning outcome is not satisfying. They should try to learn their children’s difficulties in learning and encourage their children to adjust to the teachers’ teaching methods.
3.Do you agree or disagree? People now are more interested in improving the neighborhood than in the past.
There is an old saying in Chinese that our neighbors could offer us greater help than our relatives do when we are in trouble. This proverb shows that neighbors have been playing an indispensable part of people’s life in China. Nowadays, some people still believe that the majority of us are interested in improving the neighborhood. However, in my opinion, people today neither have the time nor the willingness to maintain their relationship with neighbors.
To begin with, people today have intensive schedule of study or work, thus they have little time to spend on improving the neighborhood. For workers who need to financially support their families, they need to complete demanding assignments during workdays; sometimes they even need to work overload and overtime. Therefore, workers will be exhausted after five days of working, and might simply relax at home during the weekends. In terms of students, they usually do not hang out with friends as students in the past did, because they need to write numerous papers in order to earn credits and prepare for the college entrance exam. This phenomenon is especially true in Asian countries where students’ academic performance is referred to as the standard of good students or bad students. In this sense, students do not have time to play with their peers, let alone maintain relationship with neighbors.
Moreover, even if people have the spare time to do something, they prefer to develop their own interests or travel with friends rather than improving the neighborhood. With the development of the society and modern technology, people could enjoy different types of entertainments, such as playing online games, traveling, shopping, to name a few. Those activities occupy most of people’s leisure time today; on the contrary, entertainment activities were very limited in the past, and people then did not have too many choices to kill time except for visiting their neighbors. Based on the above discussion, it could be seen that people today are less interested in improving the neighborhood.
To sum up, because of the busy life and the pervasion of various types of entertainment activities, people today lack the time and the willingness to maintain their relationship with neighbors.
4.Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is more important for the government to spend money on new buildings than to preserve historic or traditional buildings and homes.
In today’s big cities, many governments prefer to invest new buildings because more and more people tend to work and live in big cities and thus need a place to stay. It seems that spending money on new buildings could benefit a large group of people. However, to my understanding, it is more important for the governments to encourage and fund the preservation of traditional and historic buildings for the following reasons.
Traditional buildings depict a city’s history, culture, as well as traditions, thus they should be protected though preservation and restoration might cost a large amount of money. Traditional and historical buildings represent the aesthetic value of a certain time period, reflecting the architects’ design and the choice of color of that time. It is not exaggerated to say that many traditional buildings are telling stories of an era. The stories, together with the styles of those buildings should be known, protected, and learned by people today. Sometimes, traditional and historic buildings could be used as examples in students’ textbooks. Imagine how wonderful it will be if students still have the opportunity to visit those buildings and feel the history conveyed by the architects’ styles of design! Therefore, I believe that traditional and historic buildings must be protected and should not be demolished, so that people could learn the knowledge of a time period through visiting those buildings.
If traditional and historical buildings are well protected, they will benefit local tourism and economy as well. In my hometown, there are some buildings constructed several decades ago by the first generation of foreign immigrants. Those buildings, which are very different from today, used exotic collaboration of colors and special materials of construction. The local governments have spent lots of money on preserving those buildings, and turn the buildings into scenic spots. Every year, those buildings have attracted people all over the world and contribute a lot to the local economy. This example shows that the preservation and restoration of traditional buildings could benefit a city’s local tourism as well as economy growth.
Indeed, many modern buildings are well designed and constructed using durable constructional materials. However, some of those constructional materials are not eco-friendly, which could be harmful to the residents’ physical health. If the governments have to invest new buildings, it is better not to use hazardous materials and ensure that the buildings are eco-friendly.
To sum up, I strongly advocate that the governments spend more money on preserving traditional and historic buildings because of their cultural and historical values. Moreover, well preserved traditional buildings could stimulate local tourism and thus boost the economic growth in a city.
5.Some people think that giving students time during a class to discuss ideas with each other is a good way to help students learn; others think giving students time for discussion is ineffective or a waste of time. Which idea do you agree with, and why?
As is known to all, the education in China is exam-oriented. Everything students learn in class is for passing the exams. There are few open topics for students to discuss in Chinese class. It is believed by both Chinese teachers and students that discussion in class is an ineffective way to learn. I totally agree with it.
To begin with, Chinese students have got used to the way they are educated. Most students are required to listen carefully to the teachers and take as many note as possible in the class from primary school to senior high school. It will be too much to ask for students to accept class discussion within a short period of time. It is possible that students might not know what to say in the first place. When topics were given in class, it would be possible that the whole class would be silent. It is not only a waste of time, but also embarrassing.
In addition, the effectiveness of class discussion depends on the students’ personality. Unlike students from western countries like the United States, Chinese students are introverted who are reluctant to express their ideas in front of their fellow classmates. Some students might be afraid of speaking in public. They are worried if they do something wrong, it will be quite humiliating. Some students are just not interested in sharing although they have plenty of amazing ideas in mind.
Moreover, in order to conduct successful class discussion, the teacher plays the most crucial role. It is quite tough for the teacher to supervise the process. He is supposed to be capable of dealing with various challenges. He has to know how to start the topic when the whole class remains silent. Also he has to know how to engage as many students as possible. He has to know what to do when the discussion is absolutely off the topic.
In sum, class discussion might be an effective teaching method in other countries. However, it is not the case in China. It takes time for Chinese students to get familiar with it. It might be good when students become more extraverted. The qualification of the teacher matters the most in carrying out a successful class discussion.
1.Sometimes people behave impolitely in public. Describe a time when an impolite behavior annoyed you. Explain why you were annoyed.
I’d like to talk about an incident took place in the library last month. I was trying to finish my paper for my finance class. It was the most difficult paper I have ever written. This paper had bugged me for over an entire week. I had a habit of doing my assignments in the library due to its quiet environment. It is easy for me to concentrate. Unfortunately, the guy sitting next to me kept making telephone calls in a loud voice. Everybody, including me in the library was disturbed by his loud and rude voice. I asked him to keep quiet. He was reluctant to lower his voice although many people had already starred at him.
2.How do you improve the education system of your country?
Personally, quite a few measures could be taken to improve our education system. Firstly, everybody in China should attach less importance to the results of exams. Students from primary school, even from kindergarten suffer a lot from it. They have to spend extra time studying in order to get a higher score. It is a shame for them not to have any time to enjoy the only childhood they have. Besides, people could be educated in different ways. People are born differently. They are interested in different things. We should encourage them to chase their dreams instead of forcing them to do anything they dislike, or even hate. Furthermore, we could encourage them to be compassionate and independent.
3. Some universities require students to attend language classes. Others require them to attend computer classes. Which do you think is more important?
Without a doubt, I would say attending language classes is way more important than computer classes. First of all, any language is a tool for communication. If students could speak another language, they will be able to communicate with more people. Secondly, language is a mirror of its culture. Students could learn a lot about their culture, which could broaden their horizons and enrich their life. Thirdly, some students are interested in learning a second language. They are willing to spend much time on it. It would offer a great opportunity for them to further their education overseas. It might be beneficial to their future career. At the same time, they could experience a totally different lifestyle. Last but not least, they could travel to different places without any travel agency.
4.An environmental group is planning to organize an activity to help protect the environment. What activity do you suggest and why?
It is a fact that theearth is suffering from severe environmental problems. Measures should be takento protect our environment. I’d like to suggest an activity. I would invitemany people who want to contribute to protecting the environment to go cyclingaround the west lake. Each bicycle would have a flag with some slogansconcerning environment protection on it. There are two reasons why I would dothis. Firstly, cycling is an eco-friendly activity. And it’s beneficial to ourhealth. If more people choose to go to work or go to school by bicycle, theenvironment will be much better. Besides, West Lake is the most popular touristattraction in HZ. It would be really easy to draw a lot of people’s attention.
5.Is it important to have good manners?
Of course, it’s very important. First of all, you only have seconds to make a good impression. We meet thousands of people in our lives and most meetings are brief and superficial, so not everyone is as patient as your parents. A decent haircut, clean face and good manners will be noticed and have a significant effect on your life. Secondly, as the writer of <the game of throne> puts it, courtesies are women’s best weapons. Even if you have done something wrong, if you appear gracious and grateful, much will be forgiven, just like Sansa in the TV series, although her father and brother are regarded as traitors, she never forget her manners and is spared by her enemies. So having good manners is important, and in some cases it can help you enormously.